Western Canadian Wheat Growers, along side their Southern counterpart, U.S. Wheat Associates, agree that a cross-border trade and open wheat market would be beneficial.
The Canadian Wheat Board lost their government monopoly control over the marketing of western Canadian Wheat. Since then, there has been many changes in the industry, including the modernization of some regulations and free marketing. One significant change to come from free marketing is the growth of sales of Canadian wheat into the U.S. market.
Farmers delivering wheat into the U.S. receive fair treatment with grain grown South of the border. However, U.S. producers who deliver wheat into Canada automatically receive the lowest grade, regardless of quality or variety.
Both, the WCWG and U.S. Wheat Associates, agree that the current laws should be updated to ensure wheat is treated consistently on both sides of the border. Farmers want access to a competitive wheat market, which is not often the case with U.S. wheat farmers near the Canadian border. Some of these farmers live closer to a Canadian elevator than an America one, but cannot take advantage of selling their wheat to Canada due to the price difference.
It is estimated that over 3 million metric tons of wheat is produced in the U.S. within 50 miles of a Canadian elevator, in a typical production year.
This problem has created concerns in both the Canadian U.S. wheat industries. A free flow of grain in both directions will improve efficiency of the grain handling systems and eliminate unfair prices. Grain farmers have worked hard to maintain a good relationship and these ongoing problems need to be addressed to prevent any future trade restrictions.